Last reviewed by Miljan Krcobic on August 25th, 2018.
What is Vyvanse and Why do people use Vyvanse?
Vyvanse is a prescription stimulant which contains d-amphetamine (also called lisdexamfetamine). In the treatment of ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), in children, teens and adults, a medicine is prescribed named as Vyvanse. This medication is also used to treat BED (Binge Eating Disorder). This medication is considered dangerous with potential for severe psychological or physical dependence and comes under schedule – II.
What is Vyvanse used for?
Along with treating ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), Vyvanse also used for increasing the ability of pay attention, stay focused, and stops fidgeting. It is also helpful in reducing the number of binge eating days.
Being a stimulant, this medication acts by restoring the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain. This medication also causes serious side effects therefore cannot be used for weight loss.
How Vyvanse works in the body?
Sympathomimetic amines are amphetamines that possess CNS stimulant activity. Vyvanse is a medication that contains lisdexamfetamine which is a prodrug of dextroamphetamine. Dexroamphetamine blocks the reuptake of the neurotransmitters (named as norepinephrine and dopamine) into the presynaptic neuron and increase the release of these monoamines into the extra neural space.
The parent drug is lisdexamfetamine does not bind to the sites which are responsible for the reuptake of norepinepinephrine and dopamine. The exact mode of action for ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyeperactivity Disorder) is not known.
Where abusers get Vyvanse?
Without prescription or recommendation of doctor, lots of young people are getting this medication in order to treat ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). This easy accessibility of the mostly abused drug is become a matter of concern. As per a recent survey in 2016, the majority of young adults (age 18 year to 28 years) get this medications mostly from their companions or friends.
Family also contributes in the availability of this medication in about 20.5% cases, 20% from friends and around 14.8% from a dealer. It is advisable that those people who get such medication on the prescription of the doctor should maintain a proper track on their medication which is prescribed to treat ADHD mainly.
It will help them to protect these medications from the reach of the young people who are more prone to get addicted to it. Young people who become victim of these medications face the serious consequences and side effects of these abusive medications.
Vyvanse ‘’high’’ experience
Here are some Vyvanse “high” experience described on this website: https://corpina.com/vyvanse-high/
“My doctor recommended Vyvanse. I was started out on a 30mg dose, which didn’t really do much after the first couple days. Just last week my dose was increased to 50mg. I have to say, I love this medication! It lasts all day, unlike the Adderall which I had to take a second dose in the late afternoon. It helps me focus like crazy, the first few times I took it were intense, but now I am starting to get used to it and it is has such a nice, steady, even effect.”
Vyvanse apparently has serious potential as a focus and study drug:
“Started Vyvanse approx. one year ago with intent to use it as a study aid. Literally the most effective shit ever. I took it in the AM on a day I needed to get work done. Essentially, I’d have the patience to sit in the library for 10 hours doing nothing but solid studying.”
It’s not a wonder drug, though. This same user noted that they would have to give themselves a rest, and sometimes found themselves experiencing some side effects:
“Also, I picked up on several side effects: talkative to the point where my friends would beg me to shut up, fingers/toes get cold, sweaty arm pits, euphoric ‘I have control/I’m on top of the world’ feeling, and anxiety regarding uncertainties or events (like upcoming tests/assignments).”
If you stop taking Vyvanse, you may develop physical withdrawal symptoms. You may also have withdrawal symptoms even if you take Vyvanse exactly as prescribed or even in case if you suddenly stop taking it. Withdrawal symptoms can include:
- trouble sleeping
You should always consult your doctor, if you want to stop taking Vyvanse. It is advisable to slowly taper off this medication as it will help you to avoid withdrawal symptoms. You should always remember that withdrawal is short-term. Symptoms usually fade after a few days, or may last several weeks if you’ve been taking Vyvanse for a long time.
How is Vyvanse abuse diagnosed?
The hallmark of Vyvanse addiction is chemical dependency, for this, you don’t need to go to the doctor.
If you see intense withdrawal symptoms, depression, anxiety, etc. after stopping this medication, then you are abusing it. Consider these symptoms even when you are taking Vyvanse on prescription. You should talk to your doctor regarding these changes especially when you are taking this medication for treatment of ADHD. You may be prescribed some less addictive option for the treatment of ADHD.
Being an abusive drug, the chances of overdose of Vyvanse is quite possible. The signs and symptoms of Vyvanse depend upon how much medication has been taken or if it is administered with combination of other drugs.
Symptoms and signs of Vyvanse overdose
Typical signs of Vyvanse overdose:
Other side effects of Vyvanse overdose include:
- Rapid breathing.
- Irregular heartbeat.
An overdose can also lead to irritability and aggressiveness along with paranoia,or unusual thoughts or behavior.
Serious side effects
Serious side effects of a Vyvanse overdose include:
- Blurred vision
- Muscle cramps
- Overactive reflexes
- Pounding in your ears
- Loss of consciousness
- Heart attack
As per a report by USFDA in 2012, out of 12, one pediatric death is caused by Vyvanse overdose.
Treatment for Vyvanse overdose
Vyvanse is a CNS stimulant and is a known abusive medication. Even prescription drug is being misused at many places including U.S. The Good news is that the treatment of Vyvanse drug addiction is available. Physical dependence and behavioral patterns can be considered as treatment choices as they contribute most in the drug abuse.
Detoxification is the first and most important step in treating the drug addiction in which hospital staff carefully monitors the withdrawal symptoms and drug cravings. Toxins are removed from the body along with relieving the pain and discomfort. Individual therapy sessions and time for group is given as inpatient treatment after the completion of process of detoxification.
Group timings include the support group, fitness therapy, life skills classes, and individual therapy sessions. Treatment for Vyvanse addiction will also prepare you for the long-term recovery. Long term recovery benefits you in many ways such as healthy and long life without drugs.
The Vyvanse overdose treatment is mainly done in the same way of treatment of amphetamine overdose as there is limited research for effective Vyvanse overdose treatment.
- Benzodiazepine administration: In order to reduce the risk of seizures.
- Stomach pumping: In case the overdose is done recently, the stomach pumping is done in order to prevent the excessive absorption of the drug.
- Supportive care: Continuous heart and lung monitoring, giving IV (Intravenous) fluids, medications that reduce the risk of hypertensive emergency for example: Beta blockers, nitrates, other antihypertensive medications.
- Cold Bath: If hyperthermia is noticed after overdose, the cold bath should be adopted.
Any abusive medication does not need to control you or your life. You can seek treatment and freedom is within reach. Without giving an another thought, if you are also struggling for better life, seek for emergency help, and let Vyvanse not get hold on you.
What are the signs that someone is addicted to Vyvanse?
One should know the signs and symptoms of Vyvanse addiction in order to prevent you from its addictive behavior. If someone is addicted to this medication, there are many signs that can be observed easily.
Some physical and emotional signs of intoxication or abuse may include
- Dilated pupils
- Mood swings
- Increased confidence
- Increased energy and alertness
- Rapid speech
- Excessive sweating
- Impaired judgment
- Nausea or vomiting
How long does Vyvanse stay in your system?
Vyvanse have an eliminated half-life of less than 1 hour. However, some data suggest it to be around 45 minutes. It means that after taking Vyvanse, in one hour, nearly 50% of taken dose will be eliminated from your body. It will take around 4.3 and 5.5 hours to eliminate the lisdexamfetamine which is the main ingredient of the Vyvanse.
Does Vyvanse shows up on drug tests: urine, blood, saliva, hair?
Dextroamphetamine and L-lysine are other metabolites of lisdexamfetamine, which has much longer elimination half-life time than lisdexamfetamine. The estimated elimination half-life of dextroamphetamine is 9 to 11 hours. Therefore after ingestion of this medication the metabolite dextroamphetamine, remain in the body for between 2 to 2.5 days.
Eve, other secondary metabolites such as benzoic acid have a longer elimination half-life time than lisdexamfetamine but they excreted quicker than their parent metabolite (dextroamphetamine). Usually Vyvanse and its metabolites eliminates completely in maximum 3 days as the average elimination half-life is 10.4 hours for dextroamphetamine.
The estimated elimination half life of Vyvanse in blood test is 8 to 24 hours, Urine test, about 3 days, Hair test – in one month or even longer, and saliva test – the elimination half-life is estimated to be 2 days.
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